IJTC now on Scopus

Posted on Nov 1, 2017 | Comments Off on IJTC now on Scopus

We are pleased to announce that the International Journal of Tourism Cities is now listed on Scopus. Other listings include the Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI) and the Australian Business Dean Council (ABDC). Look out for a new Special Issue on Dark Tourism in Cities in January 2017. Publishing by Emerald, IJTC is the official journal of ITSA, the International Tourism Studies Association.

IJTC now on Scopus

ITSA 2018, Tshwane, South Africa: CFP

Posted on Nov 1, 2017 | Comments Off on ITSA 2018, Tshwane, South Africa: CFP

We are delighted to announce that the 7th International Tourism Studies Association (ITSA) Biennial conference will be hosted by the University of South Africa in the City of Tshwane, from 6-8th August 2018. This conference will co-inside with the 2nd Tourism Educators South Africa (TESA) International Conference. Our sponsors are the South African National Convention Bureau, Gauteng Tourism Authority and the City of Tshwane.

ITSA Biennial conferences have only once been held outside of the Asia-Pacific region, and never before in Africa. ITSA 2018 will take place in a world-class facility, the CSIR International Conference Centre and will give you the opportunity to experience true South African hospitality.

The conference organizers are calling for full papers, case studies, session proposals, poster presentations and oral presentations that are aligned with the core conference theme of “Collaboration and Co-creation Opportunities in Tourism” or within any of the conference sub themes:

Tourism Cities and Urban Tourism
Urban tourism; tourism around major metropolitan regions; destination management; destination marketing; festivals and events in tourism cities; tourism planning; MICE sector and business events.

The Brazilian, Russian, Indian, Chinese, African (BRICS) outbound tourism market
Tourist typologies; marketing; destination welcome; host-guest relations; product development; impacts studies; public policy; human resources development and innovation in tour operations.

Tourism Policy, Planning and Governance
Tourism policy; tourism economics; planning and tourism; governance; public-private partnerships; governments and tourism; tourism, crisis and risk management.

The Blue Ocean Economy and Tourism
Sustainable coastal tourism; cruise tourism; the blue economy; sustainable energy and tourism; coastal communities; marine tourism and related topics in sustainable tourism.

African Union Agenda 2063 and Tourism
Tourism and development; women in tourism; tourism, conflict and peace; tourism and cultural heritage; tourism and identities; tourism development in African countries; tourism and entrepreneurship.

Teaching and Learning in Tourism and Hospitality
Education in tourism, tourism curriculum, decent work in tourism, skills training in tourism, massive open online courses in tourism, use of technology in tourism education, pedagogies in tourism education.

The Future of Hospitality
Trends in hospitality, food and beverage operations, shared economy, management challenges, globalization, mergers and acquisitions, property management, investment, and related topics.

Please send the abstracts of proposals or poster presentations, using the approved ITSA templates,  to Prof. C Van Zyl, the Chair of the Scientific Committee’s e-mail address: itsa2018@unisa.ac.za

Abstract Submission Deadline: April 30, 2018
Decision Notification: May 25, 2018
Full Paper Submission Deadline: July 6, 2018

For oral presentations and poster presentations please submit abstracts of 500 words or not more than three pages to itsa2018@unisa.ac.za , using the ITSA submission templates.

ITSA also invites abstracts of up to 1,000 words for full papers for possible inclusion in the referred conference proceedings and expanded papers of up to 8,000 words for publication in the International Journal of Tourism Cities, ISSN-2056-5607, published by Emerald-group and ITSA. All full papers must be submitted electronically for a blind-peer review process. All authors will be notified via e-mail regarding the acceptance of the paper when the review process is completed. Refer to the ITSA submission templates for the submission of full papers. Only accepted papers that have undergone a blind peer review process will be included in the Conference Proceedings. At least one author of an accepted paper, as listed in the Proceeding and Final Programme, must register and attend the conference. No substitute presenters for papers/posters will be allowed on any of the papers published in the Proceedings.

Send your submissions to itsa2018@unisa.ac.za (Prof. C Van Zyl). Full paper submissions will be considered for the Best Paper Awards, which are selected by the Scientific Committee.

All abstracts, full papers, oral –and paper presentations need to be submitted to itsa2018@unisa.ac.za and templates for these submission can be found here.

Over the coming weeks, full details of the conference will be announced through the ITSA and conference webpages, as well as on social media and discussion groups.

South Africa was just voted by Lonely Planet as one of the top ten tourist destinations to visit in the world – we have the venue and destination, and we invite you to be our delegate!

Proceedings of the 6th Biennial Conference

Posted on Oct 20, 2017 | Comments Off on Proceedings of the 6th Biennial Conference

Following ITSA’s very succesful 6th Biennial Conference at the University of Greenwich, in London, the conference proceedings are now available online.  Edited by Dr Samantha Chaperon and Dr Nicola Macleod, the proceedings contain the abstract of every presentation given at ITSA 2016, as well as a number of full papers.  To download a copy of the proceedings, click here or on the image below.

 

CALL FOR PAPERS – 6th ITSA Biennial Conference, London, UK

Posted on Jan 24, 2016 | Comments Off on CALL FOR PAPERS – 6th ITSA Biennial Conference, London, UK

ITSA 2016, London, UK: Conference announcement and first Call for Papers and contributions

We are delighted to announce that the 6th International Tourism Studies Association (ITSA) Biennial conference will be held at the University of Greenwich, London, UK from 17-19th August 2016. This is the first time that the conference has been held in Europe and it will provide a unique opportunity to meet, hear from and network with tourism scholars and professionals from Asia, Australasia, North and South America and Europe on a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Europe’s most visited tourism city.

The conference organizers are calling for full papers, case studies and oral presentations that are aligned with the four conference themes of:

Tourism cities and urban tourism

Urban tourism; tourism around major metropolitan regions; destination management; destination marketing; events in tourism cities; tourism planning; MICE sector

The Chinese market for European tourism

Tourist typologies; marketing; destination welcome; host-guest relations; product development; impacts studies; public policy; workforce development; innovation in tour operations.

River, cruise and maritime tourism

Sustainability; impacts studies; coastal tourism; island tourism; cruise operations; destination management; destination marketing; product development; water sports tourism.

Heritage tourism in cities

Tourism in UNESCO World Heritage Convention sites; cultural heritage tourism; sustainability; conservation; visitor management; education; innovations in technology.
These themes have been chosen to reflect the unique location of the 6th ITSA conference on the UNESCO Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site. The conference venue sits on the River Thames, and is connected by River, Road and Rail to some of the world’s most famous tourist sites including Buckingham Palace, the houses of Parliament, the Tower of London and the newly famous Queen Elizabeth II Olympic Park.

Abstracts of proposals should be sent to Dr. Samantha Chaperon, Chair of the Scientific Committee at s.a.chaperon@greenwich.ac.uk . Any questions about the conference itself should be sent to the conference chair, James Kennell at j.s.kennell@greenwich.ac.uk

Abstract Submission Deadline: April 30, 2016

Decision Notification: May 31, 2016

Full Paper Submission Deadline: July 8, 2016

For oral presentations please submit abstracts of 500 words or not more than three pages to Dr. Samantha Chaperon. Abstracts must have a title centered at the top and include an introduction, methods, findings, implications or conclusions, and a reference list (the reference list is not included in the word count).

ITSA also invites abstracts of 1,000 words for full papers for possible inclusion in the referred conference proceedings and expanded papers of up to 8,000 words for publication in the International Journal of Tourism Cities, published by Emerald and ITSA. These should be sent to Dr. Samantha Chaperon. Full paper submissions will be considered for the Best Paper Awards, which are selected by the Scientific Committee. Full papers submitted after the above-listed submission deadline will not be considered for the Best Paper Awards.

Over the coming weeks, full details of the conference will be announced through the ITSA and conference webpages, as well as on social media and discussion groups.

ITSA looks forward to welcoming you to London in August 2016.

Emerald and ITSA publish three issues of the International Journal of Tourism Cities

Posted on Sep 4, 2015 | Comments Off on Emerald and ITSA publish three issues of the International Journal of Tourism Cities

ITSA proudly announces the publication of the first three issues of its journal, the International Journal of Tourism Cities (IJTC) in partnership with Emerald Group Publishing Limited in the UK. The first issue (shown below) contains four research articles and one case study. ITSA is particularly pleased with the geographic spread of the contents, including Australia, New Zealand, Russia, South Korea, and the UK.

Congratulations to all the authors – Douglas Pearce, Cheryl Jones, David Newsome, John Heeley, HongBumm Kim, Sanggun Lee, Svetlana Stepchenkova, Mikhail Rykhtik, and Elena Shichkova, Hany Kim, and Olga Petrova.

issue1-rev

Issue 2 had articles about aspects of urban tourism in Australia, Italy, Macau, Poland, Romania, and USA in six research articles.

issue2-rev

Congratulations to the authors – Greg Richards, Ilie Rotariu, Manuela De Carlo, Karine Dupré, Bixia Xu, Cindia Ching-Chi Lam, Clara Weng-Si Lei, Magdalena Florek, Ling Guan, Yi Luo, and Liang Rebecca Tang.
The third issue of IJTC continued with diverse international representation, including China, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, and USA.

 

issue3-rev

Congratulations to the authors – Yang Guo, Yi Chai, Shengyang Wang, Chris Gullion, Sotiris Hji-Avgoustis, Yao-Yi Fu, Soonhwan Lee, Fang Wang, Xiaoning Xue, Yingying Wang, Joohyun Lee, Hong-Bumm Kim, Ghazali Bin Musa, Izzah Mohammad, Thinaranjeney Thirumoorthi, Sedigheh Moghavvemi, Azilah Kasim, Claire Liu, and John Hull.

London-Greenwich will host 6th ITSA Biennial Conference in August 2016

Posted on Sep 4, 2015 | Comments Off on London-Greenwich will host 6th ITSA Biennial Conference in August 2016

Banner
The 6th ITSA Biennial Conference will be held in London on the campus of the University of Greenwich in August 2016. The event will be hosted by the Department of Marketing, Events and Tourism (MET) in the Business School and James Kennell will serve as the Conference Chair. The theme of the 6th ITSA Biennial Conference will focus on urban tourism and tourism cities. Several sub-themes will be incorporated including: heritage and cultural tourism in urban and peri-urban environments; river and waterfront tourism; events and festivals; and the Chinese outbound market to the UK and Europe.

 

Prof. Philip Pearce, President of ITSA warmly invites all ITSA members and friends to attend the event in saying –

 

“Samuel Johnson famously said, ‘When a man gets tired of London he is tired of life.’ ITSA 2016 will not tire anyone; we will all be lively and full of life in London for our conference. As President I invite you all to an academically lively time in London in August.”

 

Prof. Bihu Wu, Secretary-General of ITSA talked about the selection of London-Greenwich in the context of the Association’s history.

 

“Of course as a geographer I am intrigued by Greenwich and its history and strategic location, but the choice of London-Greenwich is even more meaningful for ITSA. Having had five highly successful Biennial Conferences in the Asia-Pacific region, it was ITSA’s goal to branch out to Europe as a next step. London is a premier location for any conference given its convenient air links and multiple attractions.”

 

ITSA CEO Prof. Alastair M. Morrison visited the University of Greenwich in June 2015 and had the following to say about the event location. “It is hard to imagine a better venue for the 6th ITSA Biennial Conference than Greenwich and the University of Greenwich campus specifically. We will be meeting on a World Heritage List site where East meets West on the Greenwich Meridian. Our meetings will be within the Old Royal Navy College located right on the River Thames and only four miles away from Tower Bridge in Central London.”
James Kennell

James Kennell, the Conference Chair, offered a warm welcome to ITSA members in saying “We are very excited about hosting the 6th ITSA Biennial Conference here at the University of Greenwich.  Our campus is on a world heritage site on the banks of the river Thames, in the heart of one of London’s most visited tourism destinations.  Greenwich will be a fantastic place for international delegates to experience London and we’re looking forward to welcoming ITSA members to the UK in 2016.”

london-collage

The objective of the Association is to bridge the gaps in tourism studies and research, education, and training between developed and developing countries (from ITSA Bylaws) Bringing the World’s tourism scholars closer together

greenwich
The Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site comprises the historic town centre, Royal Park and related institutional buildings, and was inscribed by the World Heritage Convention in 1997. The ensemble of buildings at Greenwich and their landscape setting, including the Royal Park, are a potent architectural symbol of English artistic, scientific and other institutional endeavour, notably from the 17th to late 19th centuries (Visit Greenwich, http://www.visitgreenwich.org.uk/world-heritage-site/)

Greenwich

2014 iCRTR NEWSLETTER

Posted on Jan 30, 2015 | Comments Off on 2014 iCRTR NEWSLETTER

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The iCRTR team had a record year of publishing in international journals in 2014 and continued on the upward trend that we experienced in 2012 and 2013. It was my third year of working with the graduate students and professors at PKU and the “harvesting” of all our combined hard work and dedication was truly there to see. Having a passion for research is a characteristic that I have always tried to spark in my graduate students at Purdue and now at PKU. It has been so rewarding to watch this passion growing among our iCRTR students this past year. I have constantly reminded my students that publishing “never gets old” and it is like putting money into a permanent savings account at the bank. Nobody, not even you, can withdraw your publishing “funds” and the interest earned (your recognition) just keeps piling up the more you publish. During 2014, we were mindful of the current issues and opportunities in China’s tourism sector, launching into several new streams of research. These included new primary research on outbound tourism from China; analysis of the impact of air pollution (smog) on international tourist satisfaction when traveling within China; examining perceptions of authenticity in re-created heritage attractions; studying the impacts of new applications of information communication technologies (ICTs) by China’s destination management organizations (DMOs); assessing the interactions of urbanization and rural tourism; and doing several research studies in ecotourism and wildlife tourism.

iCRTR had articles accepted in 2014 by an expanding range of top international journals including Tourism Management, Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, Current Issues in Tourism, Journal of Heritage Tourism, Journal of Convention & Event Tourism, Journal of Vacation Marketing, International Journal of Tourism Cities, and Anatolia. Several other manuscripts were submitted in 2014 and are currently under review.

iCRTR continued its very close cooperation in 2014 with the International Tourism Studies Association (ITSA). This culminated with the highly successful staging of the 5th ITSA Biennial Conference in Perth, Western Australia on November 26-28, 2014. Earlier in 2014, iCRTR students were also in Australia presenting research at the Annual CAUTHE Conference in Brisbane, Queensland.

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The expansion of iCRTR’s relationships with international universities also continued with new cooperative activities in Portugal, Spain, Germany, Italy, and North and South America. We deepened our friendships and collaboration with universities in Australia, New Zealand, USA, and Italy during 2014 as well.

We are looking forward with great expectations for a wonderful and productive year in 2015.

CRTR Director, Prof. Wu Bihu was invited to attend the 3rd Annual Conference of China Tourism Industry Development on 5th January 2014 in Beijing. The conference, consist of ‘Industry Forum’ and ‘Annual Report’, was jointly organized by China Tourism Association and China Tourism News Agency. The forum, with the theme of ‘Let the smart technology be the wings of tourism’ have brought new ideas for future national tourism development. And Top 10 Tourism News of 2013, Top 10 Tourism Words of 2013, China Travel List of 2013 and Prediction of Tourism Hot Spot of 2014 were announced during the Annual Report session, providing a good opportunity to evaluate the overall condition of tourism in China in 2013, and make significant predictions of the coming future.

Prof. Wu Bihu presented a speech on ‘New Competitiveness of future City Tourism in a Context of Deepening the Reform’. In the circumstances that multiple reform policies related with village conservation, ecological civilization construction, national park construction and land system reform had been launched, Prof. Wu gave his suggestions to the governments that they should take advantages of big data technology to deeply analysis the market demand and develop more diverse tourism products in the process of urbanization in the new era of reform.

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The 2014 International Holiday Destination Forum, jointly hosted by People. cn, International Tourism Studies Association (ITSA), Tourist Administration of Zhejiang Province and People’s Government of Zhoushan, organized by People’s Government of Putuo District, BES Woniu (Beijing) Tourist Attraction Management CO. Ltd, BES Consulting Group, was held successfully at the Westin Zhujiazui Resort in Zhoushan, Zhejiang on December 21, 2014. CRTR Director, Secretory-General of ITSA Prof. Wu Bihu presented a keynote speech with the topic of ‘Why does Holiday Destination Fail? An Analysis of Commons Dilemma’. CEO of ITSA Prof. Alastair M. Morrison, Dean of Chinese Tour Research Institute Dai Bin, Director of Hangzhou Tourism Commission and managers of each tourist administration, tourist attraction in tourist cities were also invited to attend the conference. 400 domestic and overseas scholars, experts, representatives from government, tourism enterprises and news media gathered together to have a heated discussion about how to build international holiday destinations. International Holiday Destination Standards was issued and the first International Holiday Destination Expert Committee was elected during the forum. Representatives appealed to every attendee to learn from foreign experiences, establish international guiding standards, expand global market actively to help construct tourist resort projects, develop tourist resort products, improve smart public service system and finally build an integral global leisure and vacation ecosystem. CRTR Director, Secretory-General of ITSA Prof. Wu Bihu drew attention to the evaluation of international holiday destination evaluation, the purpose of which was not to offer awards to the best destinations, but to raise public awareness of the development of holiday tourism in China, to help people understand the significance of international holiday destination and how to transform an existing tourist attraction into an international holiday destination.

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The 2014 International Holiday Destination Forum released a positive signal for holiday tourism destination development in China. The evaluation is aiming to help tourists find best vacation tourism destination around the world in 2014, with a wide-ranging collection of tourist cities, tourist attractions and holiday resorts undergoing the process of display on website, shooting by press media and evaluation by experts. The comprehensive evaluation was guided by experts in Universities and think-tanks and elected by the review committee consisted of government officials in tourism administrations, scholars, travel agency CEOs, managers in tourist consulting companies etc. It was acknowledged by the public and travel authorities that the 2014 International Holiday Destination Evaluation has been the most authoritative and most influential brand activity in the domain of China’s tourism and resort activities.

http://www.pkutourism.com/xwzx/show.aspx?d=2766

 

Why are holiday destinations in China failing?

Posted on Jan 27, 2015 | Comments Off on Why are holiday destinations in China failing?

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Prof. Wu Bihu, Secretory-General of ITSA, President of BES Tourism Consulting Group, and CRTR Director, presented a keynote speech with the topic of “Why Are Holiday Destinations in China Failing? An Analysis of Commons Dilemma.” Prof. Wu pointed out that in China was now transitioning from sightseeing to holiday tourism, which has created great demand for holiday tourism destinations. However, the development of China’s holiday tourism destinations still has a long way to go in terms of products, branding and quality compared with the developed countries of the world.
With the increase in the demand for such tourism, the market attractiveness of holiday destinations in China has not grown as quickly as in neighboring countries. Island holiday destinations in Asia have performed particularly well, including Phuket, Jeju, Bali, Maldives, Mauritius, Saipan, and others. With the growing middle-class household incomes and increasing quality of life expectations, holiday tourism products in China are now faced with major challenges, as well as significant opportunities. Why do holiday destinations in China have good resources but contain limited attractions? Prof. Wu quoted The Tragedy of the Commons concept from Prof. Garrett Hardin (Science, 1968), and suggested that the primary cause of the dissatisfaction with China’s holiday tourism lies within the land supply. Land purchased by hotel owners and real estate companies has been well redeveloped and prepared at a considerable cost. However, the environment and infrastructure in public areas is left deficient and still requires significant investment. To solve the issue of public area development in holiday tourism destinations, Prof. Wu suggested that governments should consider a mixture of public and private initiatives and create incentive policies to encourage the private sector to develop local communities as well as tourism real estate.
Prof. Wu painted a brighter future for China’s holiday tourism destination development. He said, with the improved living standards of people together with enhancements in tourism destination development, holiday tourism in China will enjoy significant and sustainable market demand.

Presentation by Prof. Bihu Wu on December 21, 2014 at the 2014 International Holiday Destination Forum in Zhujiajian, Zhejiang Province, China

 

2nd International Holiday Destination Forum in November 2015

Posted on Jan 27, 2015 | Comments Off on 2nd International Holiday Destination Forum in November 2015

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ITSA will again participate in the 2nd International Holiday Destination Forum is to be held in Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province in November 2015. The forum is aimed at helping tourists to find “interesting” tourism destinations. The 2015 most creative tourism holiday destinations will be selected via Internet voting, media inspections, and on the basis of evaluation standards. The overall goal is to stimulate sound destination development, better satisfy the national demand for leisure travel, promote tourism consumption, and encourage continuous improvement of China’s tourism sector.

ITSA contact information and social media sites
To spur livelier interaction and communication among ITSA members, we encourage you to share your latest research and achievements in this newsletter. If you would like to share you’re the good news with us, please contact the ITSA Secretariat:
International Tourism Studies Association (ITSA)
Room 2301, Tower C
Ocean International Center
Beijing, PRC 100025
Tel: (8610) 59648990 Fax: (8610) 59648991
E-mail: ruyi227@126.com (Yi Ru)

Best Destinations: The Gold Standards: Proposed Best Destinations Evaluation Criteria and Standards

Posted on Jan 26, 2015 | Comments Off on Best Destinations: The Gold Standards: Proposed Best Destinations Evaluation Criteria and Standards

Presentation outline
 Reasons for having best standards for destinations
 Different approaches to evaluating destinations
 Core principles for Best Destinations standards
 Proposed destination evaluation criteria and standards
Reasons for having best standards for destinations
 To improve the quality standards in destinations
 To recognize excellence among destinations of similar types
 To stimulate competition that encourages destinations to take action To persuade destinations to adopt international standards
 To inform consumers and others as to what constitutes best destinations
Different approaches to evaluating destinations
 Popular media best destination lists
 Successful destinations based on numbers of tourists
 Criteria-based evaluation of destinations
 Other related indexes
morr

Popular media best destination lists
 TripAdvisor.com Travelers’ Choice ® annual awards
 National Geographic Traveler Best Trips annual designations
 Frommer’s annual Top Destinations list
 Lonely Planet Best-in-Travel countries, cities, and regions
 U.S. News & World Report World’s Best Places to Visit
 Telegraph’s Twenty Destinations for 2014
 Rough Guides’ Best Places to Go 2014
 Travel + Leisure Best Places to Travel in 2014
 And others!

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Source: Pinterest, https://www.pinterest.com/roughguides/the-best-places-to-go-in-2014/
There are however some problems with these lists:
 The “top destination” listings are popular with consumers.
 However, there are serious doubts about their objectivity since no specific and detailed criteria are given for the selections.
 Moreover, many of the lists change each year and this seems counter-intuitive.
Successful destinations based on numbers of tourists
This approach involves ranking destinations by the total number of tourist arrivals in a given year. The UNWTO’s statistics are often used to do these rankings.

 

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This is a choice of “quantity” over “quality.” Smaller destinations are not necessarily inferior because they have fewer visitors. Additionally, these are country-level statistics and there are many more destinations and DMOs below the country level.

Criteria-based evaluation of destinations
These are evaluation procedures that are based on criteria developed by experts in destination planning, management, and marketing. The criteria are developed on a third-party basis, so they are considered to be objective and free of commercial bias.
System of Measures for Excellence in Destinations (SMED):

o The World Centre of Excellence for Destinations (CED), located in Montréal, Canada, developed the System of Measures for Excellence in Destinations (SMED).
o This system was created with the support of UNWTO.
o However, the criteria for approval of destinations under SMED have not been made public.
Global Sustainable Tourism Council Criteria
o The Global Tourism Sustainable Council (GSTC), headquartered in Washington DC, has introduced the GSTC Criteria.
o In November 2013, GSTC released the Global Sustainable Council Criteria for Destinations.
o Criteria and Performance Indicators are set in four different sections: demonstrate sustainable destination management; maximize economic benefits to the host community and minimize negative impacts; maximize benefits to communities, visitors, and culture; minimize negative impacts; and maximize benefits to the environment and minimize negative impacts.
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The 10 As of Successful Tourism Destinations (Morrison, 2013)
o Awareness: Related to tourists’ level of knowledge about the destination and is influenced by the amount and nature of the information they receive.
o Attractiveness: Number and geographic scope of appeal of the destination’s attractions comprise this attribute.
o Availability: Determined by the ease with which bookings and reservations can be made for the destination, and the number of booking and reservation channels available.
o Access: Convenience of getting to and from the destination, as well as moving around within the destination.
o Appearance: Measures the impressions that the destination makes on tourists, both when they first arrive and then throughout their stays in the destination.
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o Activities: Extent of the array of activities available to tourists within the destination.
o Assurance: The safety and security of the destination for tourists.
o Appreciation: The feeling of the levels of welcome and hospitality.
o Action: The availability of a long-term tourism plan and a marketing plan for tourism are some of the required actions.
o Accountability: The evaluation of performance by the destination management organization (DMO).
However, there are no universally-accepted criteria for best, successful, or effective destinations. There remains a global need to establish these criteria and their accompanying standards.
Other related indexes
 Country branding indexes
 Liveability/livability indexes
 Happiness indexes
Country branding indexes
o Country Brand Index, produced by FutureBrand, http://www.futurebrand.com/cbi/2014.
o Nation Brand Index, produced by Anholt-GfK Nations Brand Index, http://www.gfk.com/Documents/GfK-Place-Branding.pdf
o Country Brand Index does consider tourism, heritage and culture:

 

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Livability and happiness indexes
o Global Liveability Ranking and Report, Economist Intelligence Unit, www.eiu.com/liveability2014
o Mercer Quality of Living Survey, www.imercer.com/products/2014/quality-of-living.aspx
o Happy Planet Index (www.happyplanetindex.org).
o Gross National Happiness (www.grossnationalhappiness.com).
o World Happiness Report, UN (http://unsdsn.org/resources/publications/world-happiness-report-2013/)

 

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Sources: World Happiness Report, UN (http://unsdsn.org/resources/publications/world-happiness-report-2013/); Happy Planet Index (www.happyplanetindex.org).
They do not measure all of the criteria that relate specifically to destinations. However, they do measure aspects of places that are relevant such as quality of life and sustainability. They rank countries or cities and are not available for other geographic levels.
Core principles for Best Destinations standards
 Set at international levels, rather than representing the status quo in a particular country, region, or city.
 Reflect best practices in destination management and marketing.
 Consider resident quality of life and happiness, as well as the principles of sustainable tourism.
 Blend together the best elements of different evaluation approaches.
Proposed Best Destinations Evaluation Criteria
Destination mix criteria
o Range and quality of attractions
o Events, activities, and experiences
o Hotels and other accommodations
o Restaurants and foodservices
o Transportation and mobility
o Infrastructure
o Hospitality resources and visitor appreciation
Destination recognition and reputation criteria
o Recognition, popularity, and awareness
o Reputation
Destination information and marketing criteria
o Information and distribution channels
o Destination marketing
Destination quality and quality assurance criteria
o Ambiance and appearance
o Quality assurance and consumer protection
o Quality of life (QOL)
Destination management criteria
o Tourism planning
o Accountability and performance management
o Funding sources and budget allocation
o Community and stakeholder involvement
Destination Sustainability and Tourism Impacts Criteria
o Sustainable tourism policies and plans
o Sustainability: Economic
o Sustainability: Social-Cultural
o Sustainability: Environmental
Specifying standards: work still to be accomplished
We still need to attach weightings and scores to each criterion and sub-criterion. The “threshold total scores” and minimum scores for each criterion to determine the Best Destinations must also be determined. Other sets of criteria for each different category of destinations also have to be specified.
Presentation by Prof. Alastair M. Morrison on December 21, 2014 at the 2014 International Holiday Destination Forum in Zhujiajian, Zhejiang Province, China